Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2017 Nov 1;58(13):5703-5712. doi: 10.1167/iovs.17-22864.

Corneal Biomechanical Changes and Tissue Remodeling After SMILE and LASIK.

Author information

1
Cornea and Refractive Surgery Division, Narayana Nethralaya, Bommansandra, Bangalore, India.
2
Imaging, Biomechanics and Mathematical Modeling Solutions (IBMS) Lab, Narayana Nethralaya Foundation, Bangalore, India.
3
Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Abstract

Purpose:

To evaluate transient corneal tissue healing and biomechanical changes between laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) and small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) eyes.

Methods:

In each patient, one eye underwent LASIK and the other underwent SMILE. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) and dynamic Scheimpflug imaging (Corvis-ST) was used to assess tissue healing and biomechanics, respectively. Analyses of OCT scans yielded corneal speckle distribution (CSD) and Bowman's roughness index (BRI). Waveform analyses of deformation amplitude yielded corneal stiffness. Further, corneal force versus corneal deformation data helped compare the two procedures.

Results:

BRI increased and then decreased transiently after both treatments (P < 0.05). However, SMILE eyes had BRI similar to that of their preoperative state compared to LASIK eyes at 6-month follow-up. CSD indicated a marked increase in the number of bright pixels and a decrease in the number of dark pixels after SMILE (1-month follow-up) and LASIK eyes (3-month follow-up), respectively. CSD returned to near preoperative state thereafter, respectively. Corneal stiffness change from preoperative state was similar between LASIK and SMILE eyes. However, deformation at discrete values of corneal force indicated some recovery of biomechanical strength after SMILE, but not in LASIK eyes.

Conclusions:

BRI and CSD indicated earlier tissue healing in SMILE eyes than in LASIK. CSD results may indicate delayed cell death in LASIK eyes and increased light scatter due to interface fluid in SMILE eyes. Corneal biomechanical strength remodeled better in SMILE. This may indicate some hydration-related recovery.

PMID:
29101408
DOI:
10.1167/iovs.17-22864
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
Loading ...
Support Center