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Theriogenology. 2018 Jan 15;106:279-286. doi: 10.1016/j.theriogenology.2017.10.014. Epub 2017 Oct 16.

Species-specific and differential expression of BSP-5 and other BSP variants in normozoospermic and asthenozoospermic buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) and cattle (Bos taurus) seminal plasma.

Author information

1
Molecular Biology Laboratory, ICAR-National Institute of Animal Nutrition and Physiology, Hosur Road, Adugodi, Bangalore 560030, India; Department of Biochemistry, Centre for Post Graduate Studies, Jain University, Jayanagar 3rd Block, Bangalore 560011, India.
2
Molecular Biology Laboratory, ICAR-National Institute of Animal Nutrition and Physiology, Hosur Road, Adugodi, Bangalore 560030, India. Electronic address: scroy67@gmail.com.

Abstract

Binder of sperm-5 (BSP-5) is one of the fertility-associated proteins of cattle seminal plasma. Binding of sperm to the oviductal epithelium is mediated by BSP group of proteins. However, it is not clear, whether this protein is also involved in sperm motility. In the present study, attempts were made to characterize BSP-5 protein in both normozoospermic (NS) and asthenozoospermic (AS) Murrah buffalo (n = 18; Bubalus bubalis), Holstein Friesian (n = 8, Bos taurus) and Jersey cattle (n = 8; Bos taurus) bull seminal plasma and also study its expression pattern in these species. 1-D Western blot demonstrated three major BSP-5 immunoreactive protein bands (24.2 kDa, 20.5 kDa, and 12.3 kDa) in buffalo seminal plasma. Of these, the intensities of 24.2 and 20.5 kDa protein bands reduced significantly (P ≤ 0.05) in seminal plasma of AS group compared to that of NS group. On the contrary, the expression of 12.3 kDa protein band did not vary significantly between the groups. In Holstein Friesian seminal plasma, at least six BSP-5 immunoreactive protein bands (25.1, 23.6, 19.5, 13.8, 13.1 and 12.3 kDa) could be detected. Of these, the intensities of 23.6, 13.8/13.1 and 12.3 kDa protein bands decreased (P = 0.058, 0.111, 0.053) in AS group bulls compared to NS bulls. Holstein Friesian bull seminal plasma demonstrated a BSP-5 immunoreactive duplex protein band of 13.8/13.1 kDa, which was not evident in buffalo seminal plasma. In 2-D Western blot, a train of five BSP-5 immunoreactive duplex protein spots (Mr 21.0-27.6 kDa, pI of ∼3.9-5.1) was detected. Mass spectrometry of one of the representative duplex spot confirmed that these were BSP-5 and BSP-3 proteins, respectively. Indirect immunofluorescence studies showed that BSP-5 is primarily localized to the mid-piece/mitochondrial region of buffalo spermatozoa. To conclude, the findings of the present study could establish the significance and association of BSP-5 proteins in sperm motility and how their level differ in semen from two different clinical groups of buffalo bull (NS vs. AS). Further, the study also demonstrated that the expression pattern of BSP-5 and other BSP variants in seminal plasma of bulls is species-specific.

KEYWORDS:

BSP-5; Buffalo; Cattle; Seminal plasma; Sperm motility

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