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PLoS One. 2017 Nov 3;12(11):e0186916. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0186916. eCollection 2017.

Discrimination of emotional states from scalp- and intracranial EEG using multiscale Rényi entropy.

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Research Group Neurophysiology, Laboratory for Neuro- and Psychophysiology, Leuven, Belgium.
Communication and Signal Processing Research Group, Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom.


A data-adaptive, multiscale version of Rényi's quadratic entropy (RQE) is introduced for emotional state discrimination from EEG recordings. The algorithm is applied to scalp EEG recordings of 30 participants watching 4 emotionally-charged video clips taken from a validated public database. Krippendorff's inter-rater statistic reveals that multiscale RQE of the mid-frontal scalp electrodes best discriminates between five emotional states. Multiscale RQE is also applied to joint scalp EEG, amygdala- and occipital pole intracranial recordings of an implanted patient watching a neutral and an emotionally charged video clip. Unlike for the neutral video clip, the RQEs of the mid-frontal scalp electrodes and the amygdala-implanted electrodes are observed to coincide in the time range where the crux of the emotionally-charged video clip is revealed. In addition, also during this time range, phase synchrony between the amygdala and mid-frontal recordings is maximal, as well as our 30 participants' inter-rater agreement on the same video clip. A source reconstruction exercise using intracranial recordings supports our assertion that amygdala could contribute to mid-frontal scalp EEG. On the contrary, no such contribution was observed for the occipital pole's intracranial recordings. Our results suggest that emotional states discriminated from mid-frontal scalp EEG are likely to be mirrored by differences in amygdala activations in particular when recorded in response to emotionally-charged scenes.

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