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Curr Opin Neurobiol. 2017 Dec;47:131-137. doi: 10.1016/j.conb.2017.10.003. Epub 2017 Nov 6.

Unwrapping the unappreciated: recent progress in Remak Schwann cell biology.

Author information

1
Department of Developmental Biology, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 S Euclid Ave, St Louis, MO 63110, USA. Electronic address: harty@ohsu.edu.
2
Department of Developmental Biology, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 S Euclid Ave, St Louis, MO 63110, USA; Hope Center for Neurological Disorders, Washington University School of Medicine, USA. Electronic address: monk@ohsu.edu.

Abstract

Schwann cells (SCs) are specialized glial cells that myelinate and protect axons in the peripheral nervous system (PNS). Although myelinating SCs are more commonly studied, the PNS also contains a variety of non-myelinating SCs, including but not limited to Remak SCs (RSCs), terminal SCs, enteric glia. Although the field currently lacks many robust tools for interrogating the functions of non-myelinating SCs, recent evidence suggests that, like their myelinating counterparts, non-myelinating SCs are critical for proper PNS function. In this review, we focus specifically on RSCs and highlight recent advances in understanding regulators of RSC development, function, and participation in PNS regeneration.

PMID:
29096241
PMCID:
PMC5963510
DOI:
10.1016/j.conb.2017.10.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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