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Nutr Hosp. 2017 Jul 28;34(4):863-868. doi: 10.20960/nh.1085.

[Metabolic syndrome and visceral fat in women with cardiovascular risk factor].

[Article in Spanish; Abstract available in Spanish from the publisher]

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Escuela Universitaria de Enfermería. Complexo Hospitalario de Ourense. Universidad de Vigo.


in English, Spanish


Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in women after menopause, since after this stage there are profound metabolic and hormonal changes which favor the development of metabolic syndrome. An increase in the percentage of visceral fat may be related to the onset of this syndrome.


To establish the relationship between visceral fat and parameters of the metabolic syndrome and to determine the optimal cut-off point for the variables related to obesity in women with a cardiovascular risk factor.


Cross-sectional descriptive study carried out in two urban health centers in Spain. We evaluated 320 women aged 45 to 60 years with hypertension, diabetes mellitus and/or dyslipidemia. Age, estrogenic activity, visceral fat and body fat measured through a bioimpedance device, body mass index, abdominal perimeter, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, triglycerides, high density lipoprotein, glucose and the presence or absence of syndrome metabolic were considered.


There is a significant correlation between visceral fat and all metabolic syndrome defining parameters (p < 0.05). The optimum cut-offs for obesity-related variables were visceral fat (8 kg), abdominal perimeter (93.5 cm), body mass index (26.9 kg/m2 ) and total body fat (24.3 kg).


Menopausal women showed more visceral fat. An association between visceral fat and the parameters that define the metabolic syndrome is observed. It would be advisable to perform a more complex research to study the utility of visceral fat as a possible screening parameter in the metabolic syndrome.

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