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Pediatrics. 2017 Nov;140(Suppl 2):S92-S96. doi: 10.1542/peds.2016-1758J.

Digital Media and Sleep in Childhood and Adolescence.

Author information

1
Department of Integrative Physiology, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, Colorado; monique.lebourgeois@colorado.edu.
2
Program in Public Health, Department of Family, Population, and Preventive Medicine, Stony Brook Medicine, Stony Brook, New York.
3
Department of Biobehavioral Health, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania.
4
Department of Integrative Physiology, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, Colorado.
5
Department of Psychology, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia.
6
Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health and.
7
Division of Sleep Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts; and.
8
Sleep Health Institute, Division of Sleep and Circadian Disorders, Departments of Medicine and Neurology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA.

Abstract

Given the pervasive use of screen-based media and the high prevalence of insufficient sleep among American youth and teenagers, this brief report summarizes the literature on electronic media and sleep and provides research recommendations. Recent systematic reviews of the literature reveal that the vast majority of studies find an adverse association between screen-based media consumption and sleep health, primarily via delayed bedtimes and reduced total sleep duration. The underlying mechanisms of these associations likely include the following: (1) time displacement (ie, time spent on screens replaces time spent sleeping and other activities); (2) psychological stimulation based on media content; and (3) the effects of light emitted from devices on circadian timing, sleep physiology, and alertness. Much of our current understanding of these processes, however, is limited by cross-sectional, observational, and self-reported data. Further experimental and observational research is needed to elucidate how the digital revolution is altering sleep and circadian rhythms across development (infancy to adulthood) as pathways to poor health, learning, and safety outcomes (eg, obesity, depression, risk-taking).

PMID:
29093040
PMCID:
PMC5658795
DOI:
10.1542/peds.2016-1758J
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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