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Rev Sci Instrum. 2017 Oct;88(10):104102. doi: 10.1063/1.4999688.

A multi-purpose reaction cell for the investigation of reactions under solvothermal conditions.

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Institut für Anorganische Chemie, Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, Kiel 24118, Germany.
Deutsches-Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, Notkestraße 85, 22607 Hamburg, Germany.
Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry and Berzelii Center EXSELENT on Porous Materials, Stockholm University, Stockholm S-106 91, Sweden.


A new versatile and easy-to-use remote-controlled reactor setup aimed at the analysis of chemical reactions under solvothermal conditions has been constructed. The reactor includes a heating system that can precisely control the temperature inside the reaction vessels in a range between ambient temperature and 180 °C. As reaction vessels, two sizes of commercially available borosilicate vessels (Vmax = 5 and 11 ml) can be used. The setup furthermore includes the option of stirring and injecting of up to two liquid additives or one solid during the reaction to initiate very fast reactions, quench reactions, or alter chemical parameters. In addition to a detailed description of the general setup and its functionality, three examples of studies conducted using this setup are presented.


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