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J Nephrol. 2018 Jun;31(3):395-403. doi: 10.1007/s40620-017-0453-3. Epub 2017 Oct 31.

Determinants of calcium and oxalate excretion in subjects with calcium nephrolithiasis: the role of metabolic syndrome traits.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Parma, Via Antonio Gramsci 14, 43126, Parma, Italy. andrea.ticinesi@unipr.it.
2
Dipartimento Medico Geriatrico-Riabilitativo, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma, Parma, Italy. andrea.ticinesi@unipr.it.
3
Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Parma, Via Antonio Gramsci 14, 43126, Parma, Italy.
4
Dipartimento Medico Geriatrico-Riabilitativo, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma, Parma, Italy.
5
Dipartimento d'Emergenza Urgenza e Area Medica Generale e Specialistica, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma, Parma, Italy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The association of metabolic syndrome (MetS) traits with urinary calcium (UCE) or oxalate excretion (UOE) is uncertain in calcium stone formers (CSFs). Our aim was to investigate this association in a large group of Caucasian CSFs.

METHODS:

We retrospectively reviewed data of CSFs evaluated at our Kidney Stone Clinic from 1984 to 2015. Data on body mass index (BMI), MetS traits defined according to international consensus, family history of urolithiasis, anti-hypertensive treatments, calcemia, renal function, and 24-h urinary profile of lithogenic risk were collected. The association between MetS traits and UCE or UOE was tested with multivariate linear regression models accounting for a long list of potential confounders.

RESULTS:

We included 3003 CSFs, aged 44 ± 14 years. The prevalence of hypertension, diabetes, overweight (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2) and dyslipidemia was 17, 2, 42 and 38%, respectively. Median values of UCE and UOE were 211 mg/24 h (IQR 143-296) and 28 mg/24 h (IQR 22-34), respectively. At a multivariate model, including age, sex, date of examination, drug treatments, family history, renal function, blood calcium and urinary factors as covariates, hypertension was a significant positive determinant of UCE (β ± SE 0.23 ± 0.07, p = 0.003), but overweight, dyslipidemia and diabetes were not. No MetS trait was significantly associated with UOE in multivariate models.

CONCLUSIONS:

In a large group of Caucasian CSFs, hypertension was the only MetS trait significantly associated with UCE, while no MetS trait was associated with oxalate excretion.

KEYWORDS:

Diabetes; Dyslipidemia; Hypercalciuria; Hypertension; Obesity; Urolithiasis

PMID:
29090382
DOI:
10.1007/s40620-017-0453-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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