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Korean J Radiol. 2017 Nov-Dec;18(6):957-963. doi: 10.3348/kjr.2017.18.6.957. Epub 2017 Sep 21.

Anatomical Variants of Lister's Tubercle: A New Morphological Classification Based on Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

Author information

1
Department of Radiology, Changi General Hospital, Singapore 529889, Singapore.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Lister's tubercle is used as a standard anatomical landmark in hand surgery and arthroscopy procedures. In this study, we aimed to evaluate and propose a classification for anatomical variants of Lister's tubercle.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Between September 2011 and July 2014, 360 MRI examinations for wrists performed using 1.5T scanners in a single institution were retrospectively evaluated. The prevalence of anatomical variants of Lister's tubercle based on the heights and morphology of its radial and ulnar peaks was assessed. These were classified into three distinct types: radial peak larger than ulnar peak (Type 1), similar radial and ulnar peaks (Type 2) and ulnar peak larger than radial peak (Type 3). Each type was further divided into 2 subtypes (A and B) based on the morphology of the peaks.

RESULTS:

The proportions of Type 1, Type 2, and Type 3 variants in the study population were 69.2, 21.4, and 9.5%, respectively. For the subtypes, the Type 1A variant was the most common (41.4%) and conformed to the classical appearance of Lister's tubercle; whereas, Type 3A and 3B variants were rare configurations (6.4% and 3.1%, respectively) wherein the extensor pollicis longus tendon coursed along the radial aspect of Lister's tubercle.

CONCLUSION:

Anatomical variations of Lister's tubercle have potential clinical implications for certain pathological conditions and pre-procedural planning. The proposed classification system facilitates a better understanding of these anatomical variations and easier identification of at-risk and rare variants.

KEYWORDS:

Anatomy; Extensor pollicis longus; Lister's tubercle; MR imaging

PMID:
29089828
PMCID:
PMC5639161
DOI:
10.3348/kjr.2017.18.6.957
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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