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J Gen Virol. 2017 Dec;98(12):2912-2913. doi: 10.1099/jgv.0.000959. Epub 2017 Oct 31.

ICTV Virus Taxonomy Profile: Pneumoviridae.

Author information

1
1​Centre for Experimental Medicine, School of Medicine, Dentistry and Biomedical Sciences, The Queen's University of Belfast, Belfast, Northern Ireland, UK.
2
2​RNA Viruses Section, Laboratory of Infectious Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA.
3
3​School of Life Sciences, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK.
4
4​Department of Viroscience, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
5
5​US Geological Survey Western Fisheries Research Center, Seattle, WA, USA.
6
6​Department of Molecular Biosciences, Howard Hughes Medical Institute Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA.
7
7​Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA.
8
8​Institute of Virology, Philipps University Marburg, Marburg, Germany.
9
9​National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA.
10
10​Program in Emerging Infectious Diseases, Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School, Singapore, Singapore.

Abstract

The family Pneumoviridae comprises large enveloped negative-sense RNA viruses. This taxon was formerly a subfamily within the Paramyxoviridae, but was reclassified in 2016 as a family with two genera, Orthopneumovirus and Metapneumovirus. Pneumoviruses infect a range of mammalian species, while some members of the Metapneumovirus genus may also infect birds. Some viruses are specific and pathogenic for humans, such as human respiratory syncytial virus and human metapneumovirus. There are no known vectors for pneumoviruses and transmission is thought to be primarily by aerosol droplets and contact. This is a summary of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) Report on the taxonomy of the Pneumoviridae, which is available at www.ictv.global/report/pneumoviridae.

KEYWORDS:

ICTV; Pneumoviridae; human metapneumovirus; human respiratory syncytial virus; taxonomy

PMID:
29087278
PMCID:
PMC5775899
DOI:
10.1099/jgv.0.000959
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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