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Chem Cent J. 2017 Jul 11;11(1):60. doi: 10.1186/s13065-017-0289-x.

A review of traditional pharmacological uses, phytochemistry, and pharmacological activities of Tribulus terrestris.

Author information

1
School of Science, Beijing Technology and Business University, Beijing, 100048, People's Republic of China.
2
School of Science, Beijing Technology and Business University, Beijing, 100048, People's Republic of China. lili2212@163.com.

Abstract

Tribulus terrestris L. (TT) is an annual plant of the family Zygophyllaceae that has been used for generations to energize, vitalize, and improve sexual function and physical performance in men. The fruits and roots of TT have been used as a folk medicine for thousands of years in China, India, Sudan, and Pakistan. Numerous bioactive phytochemicals, such as saponins and flavonoids, have been isolated and identified from TT that are responsible alone or in combination for various pharmacological activities. This review provides a comprehensive overview of the traditional applications, phytochemistry, pharmacology and overuse of TT and provides evidence for better medicinal usage of TT.

KEYWORDS:

Pharmacological activities; Phytochemical; Traditional uses; Tribulus terrestris

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