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GMS J Med Educ. 2017 Oct 16;34(4):Doc46. doi: 10.3205/zma001123. eCollection 2017.

Conditions for excellence in teaching in medical education: The Frankfurt Model to ensure quality in teaching and learning.

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Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg, Med. Fakultät, Studiendekanat, Kompetenzzentrum Evaluation in der Medizin Baden-Württemberg, Freiburg, Germany.
Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, Medizinische Fakultät, Dekanat, KiMed Zentrum für Medizindidaktik, Kiel, Germany.
J. W. Goethe-Universität Frankfurt/M, Universitätsklinikum, Klinik für Dermatologie, Venerologie und Allergologie, Frankfurt/M., Germany.
Universität Zürich, Medizinische Fakultät, Dekanat, Stab Forschung und Entwicklung, Zürich, Switzerland.


in English, German

Background: There is general consensus that the organizational and administrative aspects of academic study programs exert an important influence on teaching and learning. Despite this, no comprehensive framework currently exists to describe the conditions that affect the quality of teaching and learning in medical education. The aim of this paper is to systematically and comprehensively identify these factors to offer academic administrators and decision makers interested in improving teaching a theory-based and, to an extent, empirically founded framework on the basis of which improvements in teaching quality can be identified and implemented. Method: Primarily, the issue was addressed by combining a theory-driven deductive approach with an experience based, "best evidence" one during the course of two workshops held by the GMA Committee on Personnel and Organizational Development in Academic Teaching (POiL) in Munich (2013) and Frankfurt (2014). Two models describing the conditions relevant to teaching and learning (Euler/Hahn and Rindermann) were critically appraised and synthesized into a new third model. Practical examples of teaching strategies that promote or hinder learning were compiled and added to the categories of this model and, to the extent possible, supported with empirical evidence. Based on this, a checklist with recommendations for optimizing general academic conditions was formulated. Results: The Frankfurt Model of conditions to ensure Quality in Teaching and Learning covers six categories: organizational structure/medical school culture, regulatory frameworks, curricular requirements, time constraints, material and personnel resources, and qualification of teaching staff. These categories have been supplemented by the interests, motives and abilities of the actual teachers and students in this particular setting. The categories of this model provide the structure for a checklist in which recommendations for optimizing teaching are given. Conclusions: The checklist derived from the Frankfurt Model for ensuring quality in teaching and learning can be used for quality assurance and to improve the conditions under which teaching and learning take place in medical schools.


Evaluation; Quality of Teaching and Learning; Teaching and Learning conditions

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