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Pediatrics. 2017 Nov;140(5). pii: e20171324. doi: 10.1542/peds.2017-1324.

Duration of Breastfeeding and Risk of SIDS: An Individual Participant Data Meta-analysis.

Author information

1
Department of Paediatrics: Child and Youth Health and Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand; j.thompson@auckland.ac.nz.
2
Departments of Family Medicine and.
3
Pediatrics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.
4
Department of Paediatrics: Child and Youth Health and Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.
5
National Paediatric Mortality Register, Temple Street Children's University Hospital, Dublin, Ireland.
6
Department of Child Health, School of Medicine, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom; and.
7
School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom.

Abstract

CONTEXT:

Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is a leading cause of postneonatal infant mortality. Our previous meta-analyses showed that any breastfeeding is protective against SIDS with exclusive breastfeeding conferring a stronger effect.The duration of breastfeeding required to confer a protective effect is unknown.

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the associations between breastfeeding duration and SIDS.

DATA SOURCES:

Individual-level data from 8 case-control studies.

STUDY SELECTION:

Case-control SIDS studies with breastfeeding data.

DATA EXTRACTION:

Breastfeeding variables, demographic factors, and other potential confounders were identified. Individual-study and pooled analyses were performed.

RESULTS:

A total of 2267 SIDS cases and 6837 control infants were included. In multivariable pooled analysis, breastfeeding for <2 months was not protective (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]: 0.91, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.68-1.22). Any breastfeeding ≥2 months was protective, with greater protection seen with increased duration (2-4 months: aOR: 0.60, 95% CI: 0.44-0.82; 4-6 months: aOR: 0.40, 95% CI: 0.26-0.63; and >6 months: aOR: 0.36, 95% CI: 0.22-0.61). Although exclusive breastfeeding for <2 months was not protective (aOR: 0.82, 95% CI: 0.59-1.14), longer periods were protective (2-4 months: aOR: 0.61, 95% CI: 0.42-0.87; 4-6 months: aOR: 0.46, 95% CI: 0.29-0.74).

LIMITATIONS:

The variables collected in each study varied slightly, limiting our ability to include all studies in the analysis and control for all confounders.

CONCLUSIONS:

Breastfeeding duration of at least 2 months was associated with half the risk of SIDS. Breastfeeding does not need to be exclusive to confer this protection.

PMID:
29084835
DOI:
10.1542/peds.2017-1324
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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