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Arthritis Rheumatol. 2017 Dec;69(12):2303-2313. doi: 10.1002/art.40227. Epub 2017 Oct 30.

Association of Distinct Fine Specificities of Anti-Citrullinated Peptide Antibodies With Elevated Immune Responses to Prevotella intermedia in a Subgroup of Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis and Periodontitis.

Author information

1
University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.
2
University of Oxford, Oxford, UK, and Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland.
3
Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland.
4
University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha.
5
University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.
6
Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland, and University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky.
7
University of Nebraska Medical Center, Lincoln.
8
University of Nebraska Medical Center and Nebraska-Western Iowa Health Care System, Omaha.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

In addition to the long-established link with smoking, periodontitis (PD) is a risk factor for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This study was undertaken to elucidate the mechanism by which PD could induce antibodies to citrullinated peptides (ACPAs), by examining the antibody response to a novel citrullinated peptide of cytokeratin 13 (CK-13) identified in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF), and comparing the response to 4 other citrullinated peptides in patients with RA who were well-characterized for PD and smoking.

METHODS:

The citrullinomes of GCF and periodontal tissue from patients with PD were mapped by mass spectrometry. ACPAs of CK13 (cCK13), tenascin-C (cTNC5), vimentin (cVIM), α-enolase (CEP-1), and fibrinogen β (cFIBβ) were examined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in patients with RA (n = 287) and patients with osteoarthritis (n = 330), and cross-reactivity was assessed by inhibition assays.

RESULTS:

A novel citrullinated peptide cCK13-1 (444 TSNASGR-Cit-TSDV-Cit-RP458 ) identified in GCF exhibited elevated antibody responses in RA patients (24%). Anti-cCK13-1 antibody levels correlated with anti-cTNC5 antibody levels, and absorption experiments confirmed this was not due to cross-reactivity. Only anti-cCK13-1 and anti-cTNC5 were associated with antibodies to the periodontal pathogen Prevotella intermedia (P = 0.05 and P = 0.001, respectively), but not with antibodies to Porphyromonas gingivalis arginine gingipains. Levels of antibodies to CEP-1, cFIBβ, and cVIM correlated with each other, and with smoking and shared epitope risk factors in RA.

CONCLUSION:

This study identifies 2 groups of ACPA fine specificities associated with different RA risk factors. One is predominantly linked to smoking and shared epitope, and the other links anti-cTNC5 and cCK13-1 to infection with the periodontal pathogen P intermedia.

PMID:
29084415
PMCID:
PMC5711558
DOI:
10.1002/art.40227
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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