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J Diabetes Res. 2017;2017:8232863. doi: 10.1155/2017/8232863. Epub 2017 Sep 7.

Vitamin D Supplementation Improves Mood in Women with Type 2 Diabetes.

Author information

1
Loyola University Chicago, Health Sciences Campus, 2160 S. First Avenue, Maywood, IL 60153, USA.
2
Advocate Medical Group, 3825 Highland Avenue, Suite 400, Downers Grove, IL 60515, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this study was to determine the effect of vitamin D supplementation on improving mood (depression and anxiety) and health status (mental and physical) in women with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).

METHODS:

Fifty women with T2DM and significant depressive symptomology were enrolled into the "Sunshine Study," where weekly vitamin D supplementation (ergocalciferol, 50,000‚ÄČIU) was given to all participants for six months. The main outcomes included (1) depression (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression, CES-D, and Patient Health Questionnaire, PHQ-9), (2) anxiety (State-Trait Anxiety), and (3) health status (Short Form, SF-12).

RESULTS:

Forty-six women (92%) completed all visits. There was a significant decrease in depression (CES-D and PHQ-9, p < 0.001) and anxiety (state and trait, p < 0.001). An improvement in mental health status (SF-12, p < 0.001) was also found. After controlling for covariates (race, season of enrollment, baseline vitamin D, baseline depression (PHQ-9), and body mass index), the decline in depression remained significant (CES-D, p < 0.001). There was a trend for a better response to supplementation for women who were not taking medications for mood (antidepressants or anxiolytics) (p = 0.07).

CONCLUSIONS:

Randomized trials to confirm that vitamin D supplementation can improve mood and health status in T2DM women are needed.

PMID:
29082262
PMCID:
PMC5610883
DOI:
10.1155/2017/8232863
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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