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Biomed Environ Sci. 2017 Sep;30(9):623-631. doi: 10.3967/bes2017.083.

Antioxidant and Anti-aging Activities of Silybum Marianum Protein Hydrolysate in Mice Treated with D-galactose.

Author information

1
School of Food and Biological Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, Jiangsu, China; Jiangsu Hengshun Group Co. Ltd., Zhenjiang 212000, Jiangsu, China.
2
Institute of Vegetables, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanjing 210014, Jiangsu, China.
3
College of Biotechnology, Jiangsu University of Science and Technology, Zhenjiang 212018, Jiangsu, China.
4
School of Food and Biological Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, Jiangsu, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

In the present study, we investigated the antioxidant and anti-aging effects of Silybum marianum protein hydrolysate (SMPH) in D-galactose-treated mice.

METHODS:

D-galactose (500 mg/kg body weight) was intraperitoneally injected daily for 7 weeks to accelerate aging, and SMPH (400, 800, 1,200 mg/kg body weight, respectively) was simultaneously administered orally. The antioxidant and anti-aging effects of SMPH in the liver and brain were measured by biochemical assays. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) was performed to study the ultrastructure of liver mitochondri.

RESULTS:

SMPH decreased triglyceride and cholesterol levels in the D-galactose-treated mice. It significantly elevated the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), and total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC), which were suppressed by D-galactose. Monoamine oxidase (MAO) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels as well as the concentrations of caspase-3 and 8-OHdG in the liver and brain were significantly reduced by SMPH. Moreover, it increased Bcl-2 levels in the liver and brain. Furthermore, SMPH significantly attenuated D-galactose-induced liver mitochondrial dysfunction by improving the activities of Na+-K+-ATPase and Ca2+-Mg2+-ATPase as well as mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) and fluidity. TEM showed that the degree of liver mitochondrial damage was significantly decreased by SMPH.

CONCLUSION:

The results indicated that SMPH protects against D-galactose-induced accelerated aging in mice through its antioxidant and anti-aging activities.

KEYWORDS:

Anti-aging; Antioxidant; D-galactose; Silybum marianum protein hydrolysate

PMID:
29081336
DOI:
10.3967/bes2017.083
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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