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Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi. 2017 Aug 20;35(8):561-565. doi: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.1001-9391.2017.08.001.

[Role of green tea polyphenols in noise-induced hearing loss].

[Article in Chinese; Abstract available in Chinese from the publisher]

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1
Guangzhou 12th People's Hospital, Guangzhou 510620, China.

Abstract

in English, Chinese

Objective: To investigate the role and mechanism of action of green tea polyphenols in noise-induced hearing loss. Methods: Male specific pathogen-free guinea pigs were randomly divided into normal control group with 9 guinea pigs, noise exposure group with 36 guinea pigs, and green tea polyphenol intervention group with 36 guinea pigs. Auditory brainstem response (ABR) threshold shift was examined before noise exposure and at 1, 3, 7, and 14 days of noise exposure. The surface preparation of cochlear basilar membrane was used for hair cell count and the morphology of hair cells was also observed. Western blot was used to observe the expression of cysteinyl aspartate-specific protease-9 (caspase-9) and cysteinyl aspartate-specific protease-3 (caspase-3) in cochlear tissue. Results: Both the noise exposure group and the green tea polyphenol intervention group had an increase in ABR threshold after noise exposure, and the green tea polyphenol intervention group had a significantly lower ABR threshold shift than the noise exposure group at all time points (P<0.05). Both groups had enlargement, atrophy, or loss of hair cells after noise exposure, and at 7 and 14 days of noise exposure, the noise exposure group had a significantly higher rate of abnormal hair cells than the green tea polyphenol intervention group (P<0.05). Both groups had an increase in the expression of caspase-9 and caspase-3 after noise exposure, and the noise exposure group had a significantly greater increase than the green tea polyphenol intervention group (P<0.05). Conclusion: Green tea polyphenols can reduce noise-induced hearing loss and hair cell injury, possibly by regulating the expression of caspase-9 and caspase-3.

KEYWORDS:

Caspase; Green tea polyphenol; Hearing loss; Hearing threshold shift; Noise

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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