Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Adv Exp Med Biol. 2017;1015:1-15. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-62817-2_1.

What Is Neural Plasticity?

Author information

1
Laboratorio de Neurociencias, Facultad de Medicina, Departamento de Neurología, P. Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile. rvonb@med.puc.cl.
2
Servicio de Neurología, Hospital Sótero del Río, Santiago, Chile.
3
Laboratorio de Sistemas Neurales, Facultad de Química y Biología, Departamento de Biología, Universidad de Santiago de Chile, USACH, PO 9170022, Santiago, Chile. jaime.eugenin@usach.cl.

Abstract

"Neural plasticity" refers to the capacity of the nervous system to modify itself, functionally and structurally, in response to experience and injury. As the various chapters in this volume show, plasticity is a key component of neural development and normal functioning of the nervous system, as well as a response to the changing environment, aging, or pathological insult. This chapter discusses how plasticity is necessary not only for neural networks to acquire new functional properties, but also for them to remain robust and stable. The article also reviews the seminal proposals developed over the years that have driven experiments and strongly influenced concepts of neural plasticity.

KEYWORDS:

Hebbian plasticity; Homeostatic plasticity; Neuronal plasticity

PMID:
29080018
DOI:
10.1007/978-3-319-62817-2_1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer
Loading ...
Support Center