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AIDS Behav. 2018 Jul;22(Suppl 1):76-84. doi: 10.1007/s10461-017-1946-8.

Symptoms of Depression in People Living with HIV in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam: Prevalence and Associated Factors.

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Faculty of Public Health, Ho Chi Minh City University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 159 Hung Phu Street, Ward 8, District 8, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.
Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, 75 East Street Lidcombe, Sydney, NSW, 2141, Australia.
Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, 75 East Street Lidcombe, Sydney, NSW, 2141, Australia.
Discipline of Psychological Sciences, Australian College of Applied Psychology, Level 11, 255 Elizabeth Street, Sydney, NSW, 2000, Australia.
Global Health Sciences and Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco, 550 16th Street, Mission Hall, San Francisco, CA, 94105, USA.


This cross-sectional study investigated the prevalence and correlates of symptoms of depression among 400 people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) from two HIV clinics in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Based on the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression scale, 36.5% of participants were classified as likely to be clinically depressed. Factors independently associated with symptoms of depression included self-report of poor or fair health (aOR 2.16, 95% CI 1.33-3.51), having a low body mass index (aOR 1.85, 95% CI 1.13-3.04), reporting recent problems with family (aOR 1.97, 95% CI 1.21-3.19), feeling shame about being HIV-infected (aOR 1.90, 95% CI 1.20-3.00), and reporting conflict with a partner (aOR 2.21, 95% CI 1.14-4.26). Participants who lived with family (aOR 0.48, 95% CI 0.25-0.90) or who received emotional support from their families or supportive HIV networks (aOR 0.45, 95% CI 0.25-0.80) were less likely to experience symptoms of depression. Screening for and treatment of depression among Vietnamese PLHIV are needed.


CES-D; Depression; HIV/AIDS; Outpatient; Vietnam

[Available on 2019-07-01]

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