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Sci Rep. 2017 Oct 27;7(1):14223. doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-14671-8.

miR156 switches on vegetative phase change under the regulation of redox signals in apple seedlings.

Author information

1
Institute for Horticultural Plants, China Agricultural University, No. 2 Yuanmingyuan West Rd, Beijing, 100193, China.
2
Institute for Horticultural Plants, China Agricultural University, No. 2 Yuanmingyuan West Rd, Beijing, 100193, China. zhangxinzhong999@126.com.

Abstract

In higher plants, miR156 regulates the vegetative phase change via the target SBP/SPL genes. The regulation of miR156 during ontogenetic processes is not fully understood. In the apple genome, of 31 putative MdMIR156 genes that encode pre-miR156, seven were dominantly expressed. However, the transcript levels of only MdMIR156a5 and MdMIR156a12 decreased significantly during the vegetative phase change, which was consistent with the mature miR156 level, indicating that miR156 is under transcriptional regulation. Leaf H2O2 content was higher in the adult phase than in the juvenile phase because of excess H2O2 accumulation in chloroplasts. When in vitro shoots were treated with menadione, diphenyleneiodonium, L-2-oxothiazolidine-4-carboxylic acid or buthionine sulphoximine, the expressions of MdMIR156a5, MdMIR156a12, and as well miR156 were coordinated with reduced glutathione (GSH) contents and glutathione/glutathione disulfide ratio but not H2O2 contents. Alteration of miR156 expression level by MdMIR156a6-overexpressing or miR156-mimetic transgenic Nicotiana benthamiana did not cause a corresponding change in reactive oxygen species or GSH status. Collectively, the results indicate that the vegetative phase change in apple is controlled by the MdMIR156a5 and MdMIR156a12 transcriptional regulatory network in response to the plastid-nucleus redox signals, such as GSH.

PMID:
29079841
PMCID:
PMC5660156
DOI:
10.1038/s41598-017-14671-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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