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Food Chem Toxicol. 2017 Dec;110:240-250. doi: 10.1016/j.fct.2017.10.039. Epub 2017 Oct 24.

Flavonoids as detoxifying and pro-survival agents: What's new?

Author information

1
Council for Nutritional and Environmental Medicine, Mo i Rana, Norway. Electronic address: bjorklund@conem.org.
2
Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Karaj, Iran.
3
Department of Neurological and Movement Sciences, University of Verona, Verona, Italy.
4
Department of Pharmacognosy and Botany, Danylo Halytsky Lviv National Medical University, Lviv, Ukraine.

Abstract

The role of flavonoids in the survival machinery of cells has come in the spotlight due to the recent evidence of their effect on the relationship mitochondria-ER stress-proteasome, including the intracellular mechanisms of autophagy and apoptosis. Numerous experimental animal investigations and even human clinical studies have highlighted the major role of these natural compounds in the economy of life and their deep relationship with autotrophic organisms in the evolutionary space. Their role as anti-oxidant and oxidative stress preventive molecules has to date been investigated extensively in the literature. Despite this great amount of promising evidence, many concerns, however, remain, most of which dealing with biochemistry, bioavailability, pharmacokinetics, and interaction of flavonoids with gut microbiome, issues that make difficult any good attempt to introduce these molecules in the human healthcare systems as possible, encouraging therapeutic substances. This review tries to address and elucidate these items.

KEYWORDS:

Anti-oxidants; Detoxification; Flavonoids; Oxidative stress response; Plant extracts

PMID:
29079495
DOI:
10.1016/j.fct.2017.10.039
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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