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J Clin Psychol. 2018 Apr;74(4):554-565. doi: 10.1002/jclp.22549. Epub 2017 Oct 27.

A 12-week integrative exercise program improves self-reported mindfulness and interoceptive awareness in war veterans with posttraumatic stress symptoms.

Author information

1
University of California, San Francisco, USA.
2
San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Innovative approaches to the treatment of war-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are needed. We report on secondary psychological outcomes of a randomized controlled trial of integrative exercise (IE) using aerobic and resistance exercise with mindfulness-based principles and yoga. We expected-in parallel to observed improvements in PTSD intensity and quality of life-improvements in mindfulness, interoceptive bodily awareness, and positive states of mind.

METHOD:

A total of 47 war veterans with PTSD were randomized to 12-week IE versus waitlist. Changes in mindfulness, interoceptive awareness, and states of mind were assessed by self-report standard measures.

RESULTS:

Large effect sizes for the intervention were observed on Five-Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire Non-Reactivity (d = .85), Multidimensional Assessment of Interoceptive Awareness Body Listening (d = .80), and Self-Regulation (d = 1.05).

CONCLUSION:

In a randomized controlled trial of a 12-week IE program for war veterans with PTSD, we saw significant improvements in mindfulness, interoceptive bodily awareness, and positive states of mind compared to a waitlist.

KEYWORDS:

PTSD; exercise; interoception; mindfulness; veterans

PMID:
29076530
DOI:
10.1002/jclp.22549
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