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Sci Rep. 2017 Oct 26;7(1):14087. doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-14570-y.

The RBM14/CoAA-interacting, long intergenic non-coding RNA Paral1 regulates adipogenesis and coactivates the nuclear receptor PPARγ.

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Univ. Lille, Inserm, CHU Lille, Institut Pasteur de Lille, U1011- EGID, F-59000, Lille, France.
CNRS, UMR 8576, UGSF, Unité de Glycobiologie Structurale et Fonctionnelle, FRABio FR 3688, Univ, Lille, Villeneuve d'Ascq, F-59650, France.
INSERM UMRS 1138, Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Université Paris 06; Sorbonne Paris Cité, Université Paris Descartes, Université Paris Diderot; and Centre de Recherche des Cordeliers, Paris, F-75006, France.
Univ. Lille, Inserm, CHU Lille, U1190- EGID, F-59000, Lille, France.
Univ. Lille, Inserm, CHU Lille, Institut Pasteur de Lille, U1011- EGID, F-59000, Lille, France.


Adipocyte differentiation and function relies on a network of transcription factors, which is disrupted in obesity-associated low grade, chronic inflammation leading to adipose tissue dysfunction. In this context, there is a need for a thorough understanding of the transcriptional regulatory network involved in adipose tissue pathophysiology. Recent advances in the functional annotation of the genome has highlighted the role of non-coding RNAs in cellular differentiation processes in coordination with transcription factors. Using an unbiased genome-wide approach, we identified and characterized a novel long intergenic non-coding RNA (lincRNA) strongly induced during adipocyte differentiation. This lincRNA favors adipocyte differentiation and coactivates the master adipogenic regulator peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) through interaction with the paraspeckle component and hnRNP-like RNA binding protein 14 (RBM14/NCoAA), and was therefore called PPARγ-activator RBM14-associated lncRNA (Paral1). Paral1 expression is restricted to adipocytes and decreased in humans with increasing body mass index. A decreased expression was also observed in diet-induced or genetic mouse models of obesity and this down-regulation was mimicked in vitro by TNF treatment. In conclusion, we have identified a novel component of the adipogenic transcriptional regulatory network defining the lincRNA Paral1 as an obesity-sensitive regulator of adipocyte differentiation and function.

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