Send to

Choose Destination
Drug Metab Dispos. 1988 Nov-Dec;16(6):880-9.

Mechanism for inhibitory effect of cannabidiol on microsomal testosterone oxidation in male rat liver.

Author information

Department of Hygienic Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, Hokuriku University, Kanazawa, Japan.


Effects of four cannabinoids [cannabidiol (CBD), delta 8-tetrahydrocannabinol, delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol, and cannabinol] on hepatic microsomal oxidation of testosterone (17 beta-hydroxy-androst-4-ene-3-one) were examined in adult male rats. Only CBD (30 microM) competitively inhibited 2 alpha-hydroxy-testosterone (2 alpha-OH-T) and 16 alpha-OH-T formation by hepatic microsomes but did not affect androstenedione (androst-4-ene-3,17-dione) and 7 alpha-OH-T formation. Kinetic analyses demonstrated that the inhibitory profile of CBD for testosterone oxidation was different from those of SKF 525-A, which caused competitive inhibition for 2 alpha- and 16 alpha-hydroxylations and noncompetitive inhibition for 6 alpha-hydroxylation, and of metyrapone, which inhibited only 6 beta-hydroxylation competitively. CBD also suppressed formation of 2 alpha-OH-T, 16 alpha-OH-T, and androstenedione from testosterone, catalyzed by a reconstituted system containing hepatic cytochrome P-450 purified from phenobarbital-treated rats. Pretreatment of the rat with CBD (10 mg/kg, ip, once a day for 3 days) decreased testosterone oxidation at the 2 alpha-, 16 alpha-, and 17-positions and increased 7 alpha-OH-T formation, while total cytochrome P-450 content was decreased. These results suggest that CBD suppresses hepatic testosterone oxidation at the 2 alpha-, 16 alpha-, and 17-positions through selective inhibition of the male-specific cytochrome P-450 in the adult male rat.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire
Loading ...
Support Center