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J Lasers Med Sci. 2017 Summer;8(Suppl 1):S32-S37. doi: 10.15171/jlms.2017.s7. Epub 2017 Aug 29.

Stimulation Effect of Low Level Laser Therapy on Sciatic Nerve Regeneration in Rat.

Author information

1
Cell and Molecular Biology Research Center, Department of Anatomy and Biology, Faculty of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2
Genetics Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3
Department of Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Alborz, Iran.
4
Department of Medical Genetics, School of Medicine, Phytochemistry Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

Introduction: Recent studies showed that low-level laser therapy (LLLT) accelerates the regeneration process of injured peripheral nerve tissue. The objective of this study was investigate the effect of LLLT (780 nm) on regeneration of injured right sciatic nerve of male Wistar rat. Methods: In this research work, the effect of LLLT (780 nm) on the regeneration process and reconstruction of injured peripheral right side sciatic nerve was investigated. Twelve adult male Wistar rats underwent surgery in aseptic conditions under general anesthesia to induce a lesion to their right side sciatic nerve according to standard protocol. Before suturing the location, only the experimental group was treated by laser. The damaged nerve was directly irradiated with (2 J, 100 mW, 40 seconds). The irradiation procedure was terminated in 21 days with little improvement (4 J, 200 mW, 40 seconds) across the skin surface of experimental group. Rats were selected randomly from each group to be sacrificed on different periods and histopathological examination was carried out on the extracted nerves. Results: Significant acceleration of revascularization and angiogenesis of the injury site was observed in the experimental group. Furthermore, a reduction of hemorrhages and increase in blood supply was observed. Also, Wallerian degeneration decreased while higher axonal density compared to the control rats was observed. Moreover, the cross-section analysis of the injured area on the 14th and 21st days as post-surgery showed that the nerve sheath diameter in the lesion area of the experimental group was reduced. While the ratio between thicknesses increased in the control group. Conclusion: The results of the current study suggest that laser phototherapy at 780 nm exactly could accelerate the regeneration process of injured peripheral nerves tissue.

KEYWORDS:

Axonal growth; Low-level laser therapy; Peripheral nerve regeneration; Revascularization; Sciatic nerve; Wallerian degeneration

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