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Curr Atheroscler Rep. 2017 Oct 24;19(12):51. doi: 10.1007/s11883-017-0689-3.

Is Mini-Gastric Bypass a Rational Approach for Type-2 Diabetes?

Author information

1
Service de chirurgie digestive, Hôpital Européen Georges-Pompidou, 20 rue Leblanc, 75015, Paris Cedex, France.
2
Service de chirurgie digestive, Hôpital Européen Georges-Pompidou, 20 rue Leblanc, 75015, Paris Cedex, France. matthieu.bruzzi@aphp.fr.
3
Université Paris Descartes, Paris, France. matthieu.bruzzi@aphp.fr.
4
ANCRE, EA 4465, Université Paris Descartes, Paris, France. matthieu.bruzzi@aphp.fr.
5
Université Paris Descartes, Paris, France.
6
ANCRE, EA 4465, Université Paris Descartes, Paris, France.
7
Service de Nutrition, Hôpital Européen Georges-Pompidou, 20 rue Leblanc, 75015, Paris Cedex, France.

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:

Morbid obesity and type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are both major public health problems. Bariatric surgery is a proven and effective treatment for these conditions; laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is currently the gold-standard treatment. One-anastomosis gastric bypass (OAGB) is described as a simpler, safer, and non-inferior alternative to RYGB to treat morbid obesity. Concerning T2DM, experts of the OAGB procedure report promising metabolic results with good long-term remission of T2DM; however, heterogeneity within the literature prompted us to analyze this issue.

RECENT FINDINGS:

OAGB has gained popularity given its safety and long-term efficacy. Concerning the effect of OAGB for the treatment of T2DM, most reports involve non-controlled single-arm studies with heterogeneous methodologies and a few randomized controlled trials. However, this available literature supports the efficacy of OAGB for remission of T2DM in obese and non-obese patients. Two years after OAGB, the T2DM remission and improvement rate increased from 67 to 100%. The results were improved and stable in the long term. The 5-year T2DM remission rate increased from 82 to 84.4%. OAGB is non-inferior compared with RYGB and even superior to other accepted bariatric procedures, such as sleeve gastrectomy and adjustable gastric banding. OAGB is an efficient, safe, simple, and reversible procedure to treat T2DM. The literature reveals interesting results for T2DM remission in non-obese patients. High-level comparative studies are required to support these data.

KEYWORDS:

Mini-gastric bypass; Morbid obesity; One-anastomosis gastric bypass; Type-2 diabetes

PMID:
29063974
DOI:
10.1007/s11883-017-0689-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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