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J Chem Educ. 2015 Nov 10;92(11):1813-1819. doi: 10.1021/acs.jchemed.5b00294. Epub 2015 Aug 27.

Student Perceptions of Online Homework Use for Formative Assessment of Learning in Organic Chemistry.

Author information

C. Eugene Bennett Department of Chemistry, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506, United States.
Department of Learning Sciences and Human Development, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506, United States.


Use of online homework as a formative assessment tool for organic chemistry coursework was examined. Student perceptions of online homework in terms of (i) its ranking relative to other course aspects, (ii) their learning of organic chemistry, and (iii) whether it improved their study habits and how students used it as a learning tool were investigated. Our students perceived the online homework as one of the more useful course aspects for learning organic chemistry content. We found a moderate and statistically significant correlation between online homework performance and final grade. Gender as a variable was ruled out since significant gender differences in overall attitude toward online homework use and course success rates were not found. Our students expressed relatively positive attitudes toward use of online homework with a majority indicating improved study habits (e.g., study in a more consistent manner). Our students used a variety of resources to remediate incorrect responses (e.g., class materials, general online materials, and help from others). However, 39% of our students admitted to guessing at times, instead of working to remediate incorrect responses. In large enrollment organic chemistry courses, online homework may act to bridge the student-instructor gap by providing students with a supportive mechanism for regulated learning of content.


Enrichment/Review Materials; Internet/Web-Based Learning; Multimedia-Based Learning; Organic Chemistry; Second Year Undergraduate

Conflict of interest statement

Notes The authors declare the following competing financial interest(s): The authors declare that one of them (J.H.P.) has a financial arrangement with Wiley for integration of organic chemistry mastery content questions into the WileyPLUS system.

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