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Semin Cell Dev Biol. 2017 Oct 24. pii: S1084-9521(16)30333-0. doi: 10.1016/j.semcdb.2017.10.018. [Epub ahead of print]

Role of the crumbs proteins in ciliogenesis, cell migration and actin organization.

Author information

1
Aix-Marseille University, CNRS, IBDM, Case 907, 13288 Marseille, Cedex 09, France.
2
Aix-Marseille University, CNRS, IBDM, Case 907, 13288 Marseille, Cedex 09, France. Electronic address: andre.le-bivic@univ-amu.fr.

Abstract

Epithelial cell organization relies on a set of proteins that interact in an intricate way and which are called polarity complexes. These complexes are involved in the determination of the apico-basal axis and in the positioning and stability of the cell-cell junctions called adherens junctions at the apico-lateral border in invertebrates. Among the polarity complexes, two are present at the apical side of epithelial cells. These are the Par complex including aPKC, PAR3 and PAR6 and the Crumbs complex including, CRUMBS, PALS1 and PATJ/MUPP1. These two complexes interact directly and in addition to their already well described functions, they play a role in other cellular processes such as ciliogenesis and polarized cell migration. In this review, we will focus on these aspects that involve the apical Crumbs polarity complex and its relation with the cortical actin cytoskeleton which might provide a more comprehensive hypothesis to explain the many facets of Crumbs cell and tissue properties.

KEYWORDS:

Cell migration; Cell polarity; Cytoskeleton; Polarity complexes

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