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Can J Psychiatry. 2018 Feb;63(2):103-114. doi: 10.1177/0706743717737030. Epub 2017 Oct 23.

Patient satisfaction with mental health services based on Andersen's Behavioral Model.

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1 Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
2 Douglas Hospital Research Centre, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.



The purpose of this article was to assess the satisfaction of adult patients who received mental health services (MHS) in healthcare networks staffed by multidisciplinary professionals and offering a range of MHS, and to identify variables associated with patient satisfaction.


This cross-sectional study included 325 patients with mental disorders (MDs) among 4 Quebec health service networks. Data were collected using 9 standardized instruments and participant medical records. A 3-factor conceptual framework (predisposing, enabling, and needs-related factors) based on Andersen's Behavioral Model was used, integrating sociodemographic, clinical, needs-related, service utilization, social support, and quality-of-life (QOL) variables. An adjusted multiple linear regression model was performed.


The global mean score for patient satisfaction was 4.11 (minimum: 2.0; maximum: 5.0). Among the enabling factors, continuity of care, having a case manager, and help received from services were positively associated with patient satisfaction, whereas being hospitalized was negatively associated. Among the needs-related factors, the number of needs was negatively associated with satisfaction.


Findings demonstrated higher levels of satisfaction among patients who received good continuity of care and well-managed, frequent services in relation to their needs. Dissatisfaction was higher for patients with serious unmet needs or those hospitalized, which underlines the importance of taking these particular variables into account in the interest of improving MHS delivery and patient recovery.


Andersen’s Behavioral Model; mental disorders; mental health services; patient satisfaction; service utilization

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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