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Curr Environ Health Rep. 2017 Dec;4(4):491-503. doi: 10.1007/s40572-017-0167-7.

Urban Form, Air Pollution, and Health.

Author information

1
School of Public and International Affairs, Virginia Tech, 140 Otey Street, Blacksburg, VA, 24061, USA. hankey@vt.edu.
2
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Washington, 201 More Hall, Seattle, WA, 98195, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:

Urban form can impact air pollution and public health. We reviewed health-related articles that assessed (1) the relationships among urban form, air pollution, and health as well as (2) aspects of the urban environment (i.e., green space, noise, physical activity) that may modify those relationships.

RECENT FINDINGS:

Simulation and empirical studies demonstrate an association between compact growth, improved regional air quality, and health. Most studies are cross-sectional and focus on connections between transportation emissions and land use. The physical and mental health impacts of green space, public spaces that promote physical activity, and noise are well-studied aspects of the urban environment and there is evidence that these factors may modify the relationship between air pollution and health. Urban form can support efforts to design clean, health-promoting cities. More work is needed to operationalize specific strategies and to elucidate the causal pathways connecting various aspects of health.

KEYWORDS:

Built environment; Sprawl; Urban planning; Walkability

PMID:
29052114
DOI:
10.1007/s40572-017-0167-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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