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Nutr Today. 2017 Sep;52(5):208-222. doi: 10.1097/NT.0000000000000228. Epub 2017 Aug 15.

Mediterranean Diet and Prevention of Chronic Diseases.

Author information

1
is professor in the Department of Nutritional Sciences and The University of Arizona Cancer Center and co-director of The University of Arizona Mediterranean Diet and Health Study Abroad Program. Dr Romagnolo is a collaborator on various research projects related to nutritional prevention of cancer epigenetics. He is a coeditor of a volume entitled "Mediterranean Diet: Dietary Guidelines and Impact on Health and Disease," which was published as the proceedings of the 2015 Research Frontiers in Nutritional Sciences Conference Series held at The University of Arizona with the grant support of the US Department of Agriculture and is composed of chapter contributions by speakers.

Abstract

A large body of research data suggests that traditional dietary habits and lifestyle unique to the Mediterranean region (Mediterranean diet, MD) lower the incidence of chronic diseases and improve longevity. These data contrast with troubling statistics in the United States and other high income countries pointing to an increase in the incidence of chronic diseases and the projected explosion in cost of medical care associated with an aging population. In 2013, the MD was inscribed by UNESCO in the "Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity." The 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans included the MD as a healthy dietary pattern. Therefore, specific objectives of this article are to provide an overview of the nutritional basis of this healthful diet, its metabolic benefits, and its role in multiple aspects of disease prevention and healthy aging. Whereas recommendations about the MD often focus on specific foods or bioactive compounds, we suggest that the eating pattern as a whole likely contributes to the health promoting effects of the MD.

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