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J Food Sci Technol. 2017 Oct;54(11):3598-3611. doi: 10.1007/s13197-017-2818-y. Epub 2017 Aug 30.

Evaluation of nutritional quality and antioxidant potential of pigeonpea genotypes.

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Department of Biochemistry, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, 141004 India.
Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, 141004 India.


Three released cultivars, forty four advance breeding lines and three wild species of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan L. Millsp) were evaluated for nutritional, antinutritional traits and antioxidant potential so as to identify promising genotypes. The average content of total soluble sugars, starch and total soluble proteins was found to be 43.66, 360.51 and 204.54 mg/g, respectively. Antioxidant potential in terms of free radical scavenging activity (DPPH), ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP), reducing power, hydroxyl radical scavenging activity and superoxide anion radical scavenging activity was estimated. The diversity was observed in genotypes with all the traits. AL 1960, AL 2000, AL 2009 and AL 2046 had high total soluble proteins, medium antinutritional factors and good antioxidant potential. AL 201, AL 1931, AL 1932, AL 1960, AL 2046, AL 2049 and AL 2060 had good nutritional value as protein and starch content ranged from 20 to 23 and 42 to 52%, respectively. Wild species C. scarabaeoides 1CP15683/W15 had lower carbohydrates, proteins, and antinutritional traits while high antioxidant potential due to high total phenols, DPPH, FRAP and reducing power. The diversity observed in genotypes with all the traits could be further used to develop nutritionally important genotypes.


Antinutritional factors; Antioxidant potential; Free radical scavenging activity; Nutritional quality; Pigeonpea

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