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Br J Ophthalmol. 2018 Jun;102(6):772-778. doi: 10.1136/bjophthalmol-2017-310282. Epub 2017 Oct 19.

Asymmetrical accommodation in hyperopic anisometropic amblyopia.

Author information

1
Academic Unit of Ophthalmology and Orthoptics, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK.
2
Infant Vision Laboratory, School of Psychology & Clinical Language Sciences, University of Reading, Reading, UK.
3
Orthoptic Department, Royal Berkshire Hospital, Reading, UK.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS:

To investigate the presence of asymmetrical accommodation in hyperopic anisometropic amblyopia.

METHODS:

Accommodation in each eye and binocular vergence were measured simultaneously using a PlusoptiX SO4 photorefractor in 26 children aged 4-8 years with hyperopic anisometropic amblyopia and 13 controls (group age-matched) while they viewed a detailed target moving in depth.

RESULTS:

Without spectacles, only 5 (19%) anisometropes demonstrated symmetrical accommodation (within the 95% CI of the mean gain of the sound eye of the anisometropic group), whereas 21 (81%) demonstrated asymmetrical accommodation. Of those, 15 (58%) showed aniso-accommodation and 6 (23%) demonstrated 'anti-accommodation' (greater accommodation for distance than for near). In those with anti-accommodation, the response gain in the sound eye was (0.93±0.20) while that of the amblyopic eye showed a negative accommodation gain of (-0.44±0.23). Anti-accommodation resolved with spectacles. Vergence gains were typical in those with symmetrical and asymmetrical accommodation.

CONCLUSION:

The majority of hyperopic anisometropic amblyopes demonstrated non-consensual asymmetrical accommodation. Approximately one in four demonstrated anti-accommodation.

KEYWORDS:

Vision; child health (paediatrics); optics and Refraction

PMID:
29051327
PMCID:
PMC5787021
DOI:
10.1136/bjophthalmol-2017-310282
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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