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J Clin Neurosci. 2018 Jan;47:341-346. doi: 10.1016/j.jocn.2017.10.022. Epub 2017 Oct 16.

Is stand alone PEEK cage the gold standard in multilevel anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF)? Results of a minimum 1-year follow up.

Author information

1
Department of Neurosurgery, Chonnam National University Hospital and Medical School, Research Institute of Medical Sciences, Gwangju, Republic of Korea.
2
Department of Neurosurgery, Chonnam National University Hospital and Medical School, Research Institute of Medical Sciences, Gwangju, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: jkl@chonnam.ac.kr.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

This study was designed to evaluate the clinical and radiologic results of stand-alone synthetic polyetheretherketone (PEEK) cages for two- or three-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), with a focus on subsidence.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

We retrospectively reviewed a total of 68 patients who underwent two- or three-level ACDF with a stand-alone PEEK cage between April 2005 and August 2016. Radiologic parameters were assessed on lateral radiographs, and fusion was assessed on computed tomography scans. For the evaluation of clinical outcomes, visual analogue scale, neck disability index, and modified Japanese Orthopedic Association scores were measured.

RESULTS:

Among the total of 68 patients with a total of 144 segments, ACDF at two and three levels was performed in 60 and 8 patients, respectively, with a mean follow-up duration of 27.6 months. The overall fusion rate was 81.3% (117 of 144 segments), and subsidence occurred in 63 segments (43.8%) at the last follow-up. There was no statistically significant difference between the subsidence group and the nonsubsidence group in terms of fusion rate, radiologic outcomes, and clinical outcomes (p > .05).

CONCLUSION:

Subsidence might be an inevitable course and only a radiologic phenomenon with no effect on the clinical and radiologic outcomes of the use of stand-alone cages.

KEYWORDS:

ACDF; Stand-alone cage; Subsidence

PMID:
29050891
DOI:
10.1016/j.jocn.2017.10.022
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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