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Oncogene Res. 1988;3(1):21-31.

Overexpression of either c-myc or c-erbB-2/neu proto-oncogenes in human breast carcinomas: correlation with poor prognosis.

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1
Laboratoire de Pharmacologie Clinique et Moléculaire, Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, France.

Abstract

Tumor specimens from 116 untreated patients with primary breast carcinoma at different clinical stages were analyzed for the structure and/or the expression of c-myc and c-erbB-2/neu proto-oncogenes. An amplification of the c-myc proto-oncogene (3 to greater than 50 fold) was detected only in 6% of carcinomas, with no evidence of locus rearrangement. High c-myc RNA levels detected in 45% of tumors were found significantly (p less than 0.01) correlated with lymph node involvement. Amplification (3 to greater than 30 fold) of the c-erbB-2/neu gene was observed in 20% of cancers. A 5 kb c-erbB-2/neu gene transcript was detected in the 103 cancer specimens analyzed. High levels of transcripts were observed in 36% of tumors. Overexpression did not depend only on amplification since found in 14 tumor samples with a single gene copy. The gene amplification and overexpression were found significantly associated with cancers of poor prognosis. Moreover our data show that both proto-oncogenes are overexpressed only in 12.5% of tumor samples and suggest that each gene might play a different role in tumor progression.

PMID:
2905033
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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