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Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2017 Oct 10;97(37):2884-2889. doi: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2017.37.002.

[Correlation factors of 127 times pre-crisis state in patients with myasthenia gravis].

[Article in Chinese; Abstract available in Chinese from the publisher]

Author information

1
MG Specialize Center, the First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510080, China.

Abstract

in English, Chinese

Objective: To investigate the clinical features of the Pre-Crisis State and analyze the correlated risk factors of Pre-Crisis State of myasthenia crisis. Methods: We included 93 patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) who experienced 127 times Pre-Crisis State between October 2007 and July 2016. Those patients were hospitalized in the MG specialize center, Department of Neurological Science, first Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University. The information of the general situation, the clinical manifestations and the blood gas analysis in those patients were collected using our innovated clinical research form. Statistic methods were applied including descriptive analysis, univariate logistic analysis, multivariate correlation logistic analysis, etc. Results: (1)The typical features of MG Pre-Crisis State included: dyspnea (127 times, 100% not requiring intubation or non-invasive ventilation), bulbar-muscle weakness (121 times, 95.28%), the increased blood partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PCO(2)) (94 times, 85.45%), expectoration weakness (99 times, 77.95%), sleep disorders (107 times, 84.25%) and the infection (99 times, 77.95%). The occurrence of dyspnea in combination with bulbar-muscle weakness (P=0.002) or the increased blood PCO(2) (P=0.042) often indicated the tendency of crisis. (2) The MG symptoms which were proportion to the occurrence of crisis includes: bulbar-muscle weakness (P=0.028), fever (P=0.028), malnutrition (P=0.066), complications (P=0.071), excess oropharyngeal secretions (P=0.005) and the increased blood PCO(2) (P=0.007). The perioperative period of thymectomy would not increase the risk of crisis. Conclusions: Dyspnea indicates the occurrence of the Pre-Crisis State of MG. In order to significantly reduce the morbidity of myasthenia crisis, the bulbar-muscle weakness, the increased blood PCO(2), expectoration weakness, sleep disorders, infection & fever and excess oropharyngeal secretions should be treated timely.

KEYWORDS:

Dyspnea; Myasthenia gravis; Myasthenic crisis; Pre-crisis state

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