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Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2017 Oct 1;58(12):5361-5367. doi: 10.1167/iovs.17-22045.

Introduction of the MDM2 T309G Mutation in Primary Human Retinal Epithelial Cells Enhances Experimental Proliferative Vitreoretinopathy.

Author information

1
Schepens Eye Research Institute of Massachusetts Eye and Ear, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States.
2
Shanxi Eye Hospital, Taiyuan City, Shanxi Province, China.
3
Department of Ophthalmology, the Third Affiliated Hospital of Xinxiang Medical University, Eye Hospital of Xinxiang Medical University, Xinxiang, Henan Province, China.
4
Massachusetts Eye and Ear Department of Ophthalmology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States.
5
Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
6
Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.

Abstract

Purpose:

The murine double minute (MDM)2 is a critical negative regulator of the p53 tumor suppressor, and MDM2 SNP309G is associated with a higher risk of proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR); in addition, the MDM2 T309G created using clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/associated endonuclease (Cas)9 enhances normal rabbit vitreous-induced expression of MDM2 and survival of primary human retinal pigment epithelial (hRPE) cells in vitro. The goal of this study was to determine whether this MDM2 T309G contributes to the development of experimental PVR.

Methods:

hRPE cells expressing MDM2 T309G or T309T only were treated with vitreous from human PVR donors (HV). The expression of MDM2 and p53 in the treated cells was examined by Western blot. The in vitro vitreous-induced cellular responses, such as contraction were assessed, and PVR was induced by intravitreal injection of the hRPE cells with MDM2 T309G or T309T only into rabbit eyes.

Results:

Western blot analyses indicated that treatment of hRPE cells with HV led to a significant increase (1.7 ± 0.2-fold) in the expression of MDM2 and a significant decrease in p53 in the cells expressing MDM2 T309G compared with those with MDM2 T309T. In addition, HV promoted contraction of the hRPE cells expressing MDM2 T309G significantly more than those with MDM2 T309T only. Furthermore, MDM2 T309G in the hRPE cells enhanced the development of PVR in a rabbit model.

Conclusions:

The MDM2 SNP309 in RPE cells enhances their potential of PVR pathogenesis.

PMID:
29049737
PMCID:
PMC5649510
DOI:
10.1167/iovs.17-22045
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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