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Hip Int. 2018 May;28(3):309-314. doi: 10.5301/hipint.5000571. Epub 2017 Oct 16.

Evaluation of late redislocation in patients who underwent open reduction and pelvic osteotomy as treament for developmental dysplasia of the hip.

Author information

1
Orthopaedics and Traumatology Department, Adana Numune Training and Research Hospital, Adana - Turkey.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

The goal in the treatment of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is to achieve a stable and concentric reduction and to create a congruent relationship between the femoral head and the acetabulum. This study discusses the causes of loss of reduction in DDH patients who had a concentrically reduced hip at the time of removal of the hip spica cast and cessation of brace use and who later appeared with hip redislocation after mobilisation and ambulation. In addition, the possible interventions in such cases are also discussed.

MATERIAL AND METHOD:

A retrospective evaluation was made of 13 patients diagnosed with DDH who developed redislocation following primary surgery. 6 of them had undergone the 1st surgery in our department between 2008 and 2016 and 7 had udergone surgery in another centre. For comparison reasons a 2nd group was formed of 13 demographically and clinically matched patients who had no loss of reduction. The groups were compared in terms of acetabular index, pelvic length, pelvic width, abduction degree of plaster, ossifying nucleus diameter, acetabular depth, and acetabular volume parameters.

RESULTS:

The average age of the patients was 23 months at initial surgery and 29 months at the time of revision surgery. No significant difference was found between the groups in terms of acetabular inclination angle, ossifying nucleus diameter, pelvic size, pelvic width, centre edge angle, acetabular volume, and depth. Contracted inferomedial capsule was found in 1 patient who underwent revision surgery and intact transverse acetabular ligament was seen in 1 patient. The loss of reduction in the remaining 11 patients was associated with high total anteversion of the femoral head and acetabulum.

CONCLUSIONS:

Correction of increased combined anteversion by femoral osteotomy can create a safe zone in terms of redislocation and can significantly contribute to the stability provided by capsulorrhaphy and pelvic osteotomy.

KEYWORDS:

Anteversion; Hip dysplasia; Redislocation

PMID:
29048695
DOI:
10.5301/hipint.5000571

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