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J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2019 Mar;32(6):916-921. doi: 10.1080/14767058.2017.1395017. Epub 2017 Nov 2.

Expression of von Willebrand factor and caldesmon in the placental tissues of pregnancies complicated with intrauterine growth restriction.

Author information

1
a Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology , Istanbul Saglik Bilimleri University Kanuni Sultan Suleyman Training and Research Hospital , Istanbul , Turkey.
2
b Department of Pathology , Istanbul Saglik Bilimleri University Kanuni Sultan Suleyman Training and Research Hospital , Istanbul , Turkey.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The decreased placental perfusion is the underlying reason for intrauterine growth restriction that in turn leads to reduced placental perfusion and ischemia. However, there are several issues to be understood in the pathophysiology of intrauterine growth restriction. We aimed to study whether any compensatory response in placental vascular bed occur in pregnancies complicated with intrauterine growth restriction by the immunohistochemical staining of von Willebrand factor and caldesmon in placental tissues.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A total of 103 pregnant women was enrolled in the study including 50 patients who were complicated with IUGR and 50 uncomplicated control patients. The study was designed in a prospective manner. All placentas were also stained with von Willebrand factor and caldesmon monoclonal kits.

RESULTS:

The immunohistochemical staining of von Willebrand factor and caldesmon expressions in placental tissues were different between normal and intrauterine growth restriction group. The percentages of 2+ and 3+ von Willebrand factor expression were higher in the intrauterine growth restriction group comparing with the normal group, although the difference was not statistically significant. The intensity of caldesmon expression was significantly lower in the intrauterine growth restriction group in comparison with the normal group (p < .001).

CONCLUSION:

Angiogenesis occurs as a placental response to intrauterine growth restriction which is a hypoxic condition. But newly formed vessels are immature and not strong enough. Our study is important to clarify the pathophysiology and placental compensatory responses in intrauterine growth restriction.

KEYWORDS:

caldesmon; intrauterine growth restriction; von Willebrand factor

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