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Small. 2017 Dec;13(46). doi: 10.1002/smll.201702903. Epub 2017 Oct 17.

Intercalating Ti2 Nb14 O39 Anode Materials for Fast-Charging, High-Capacity and Safe Lithium-Ion Batteries.

Author information

1
State Key Laboratory of Marine Resource Utilization in South China Sea, College of Materials and Chemical Engineering, Hainan University, Haikou, 570228, China.
2
Department of Chemistry, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA, 24061, USA.
3
State Key Laboratory of Electronic Thin Films and Integrated Devices, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, 610054, China.

Abstract

Ti-Nb-O binary oxide materials represent a family of promising intercalating anode materials for lithium-ion batteries. In additional to their excellent capacities (388-402 mAh g-1 ), these materials show excellent safety characteristics, such as an operating potential above the lithium plating voltage and minimal volume change. Herein, this study reports a new member in the Ti-Nb-O family, Ti2 Nb14 O39 , as an advanced anode material. Ti2 Nb14 O39 porous spheres (Ti2 Nb14 O39 -S) exhibit a defective shear ReO3 crystal structure with a large unit cell volume and a large amount of cation vacancies (0.85% vs all cation sites). These morphological and structural characteristics allow for short electron/Li+ -ion transport length and fast Li+ -ion diffusivity. Consequently, the Ti2 Nb14 O39 -S material delivers significant pseudocapacitive behavior and excellent electrochemical performances, including high reversible capacity (326 mAh g-1 at 0.1 C), high first-cycle Coulombic efficiency (87.5%), safe working potential (1.67 V vs Li/Li+ ), outstanding rate capability (223 mAh g-1 at 40 C) and durable cycling stability (only 0.032% capacity loss per cycle over 200 cycles at 10 C). These impressive results clearly demonstrate that Ti2 Nb14 O39 -S can be a promising anode material for fast-charging, high capacity, safe and stable lithium-ion batteries.

KEYWORDS:

Li+-ion diffusion coefficient; Ti2Nb14O39 porous sphere; anode; electrochemical performance; lithium-ion battery

PMID:
29044989
DOI:
10.1002/smll.201702903

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