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Psychiatry Investig. 2017 Sep;14(5):603-608. doi: 10.4306/pi.2017.14.5.603. Epub 2017 Sep 11.

More Resilience in Males with Probable Bipolar Depression than Probable Unipolar Depression among Korean Conscripts.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, Gyeongsang National University Changwon Hospital, Changwon, Republic of Korea.
2
Department of Psychiatry, the Armed Forces Capital Hospital, Seongnam, Republic of Korea.
3
Department of Psychiatry, Gyeongsang National University Hospital, Jinju, Republic of Korea.
4
Department of Psychiatry, Gyeongsang National University College of Medicine, Jinju, Republic of Korea.
5
Department of Psychiatry, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study investigated whether the resilience of males with probable bipolar depression (PBD) can be strengthened and compared it to that of males with probable unipolar depression (PUD).

METHODS:

Prospective data for 198 participants (PBD: 66, PUD: 66, normal control: 66) were analyzed. The participants' resilience, bipolarity and severity of depressive symptoms were evaluated at baseline and after 5 weeks. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and repeated measure ANOVA was performed for comparing resilience between three groups through a basic military training.

RESULTS:

The PBD group demonstrated more resilience than the PUD group at baseline. Participants with PBD became significantly more resilient than participants with PUD after 5 weeks (p<0.01, F=6.967, η2p=0.052).

CONCLUSION:

The study indicates that interventions that strengthen resilience need to be developed for males with PBD and that such interventions are more effective for males with PBD than PUD.

KEYWORDS:

Probable bipolar depression; Probable unipolar depression; Resilience

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