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Psychiatry Investig. 2017 Sep;14(5):532-538. doi: 10.4306/pi.2017.14.5.532. Epub 2017 Sep 11.

Does Emotional Intelligence Fluctuate within Clinical Depressive Condition?

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1
Department of Psychiatry, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Emotional intelligence (EI) is regarded an important factor related to psychiatric disorder. Most of previous studies of EI and depression only dealt with EI in present of depressive symptoms. Our study investigated EI both before and after remission of depression and to identify which component of EI is changeable by depression condition.

METHODS:

EI was evaluated for 23 depression patients and 44 normal control participants. Adult Emotional Quotient Test (AEQT) was used as subjective EI measure and Emotional Literacy Test (ELT) was used as objective EI measure to both groups.

RESULTS:

During the initial evaluation of the subjective EI, patient group reported significantly lower scores than control group on all AEQT sub-domains except 'empathy'. However, group difference on 'utilization' disappeared after the remission evaluation. There was no significant difference within the objective EI measure.

CONCLUSION:

According to the result of the study, EI could be sub-divided into trait-dependent EI and state-dependent EI. Further implication, strength and limitation were discussed.

KEYWORDS:

Emotional intelligence; Remission of depression

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