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Geriatr Nurs. 2018 Mar - Apr;39(2):225-229. doi: 10.1016/j.gerinurse.2017.09.004. Epub 2017 Oct 16.

Geriatric palliative care: Meeting the needs of a growing population.

Author information

1
Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA. Electronic address: rebecca.saracino@yale.edu.
2
Yale School of Nursing, Orange, CT, USA. Electronic address: mei.bai@yal.edu.
3
Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA. Electronic address: leslie.blatt@ynhh.org.
4
Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA.
5
Yale School of Nursing, Orange, CT, USA. Electronic address: ruth.mccorkle@yale.edu.

Abstract

The implementation of effective geriatric palliative care (PC) services will be increasingly important as the number of patients ages ≥65 years continues to grow. However, literature characterizing the utilization of PC services by older adults remains scant. The objective of these analyses was to characterize the nature and outcomes of PC services for older adults. A retrospective analysis of records of inpatient PC consultations provided to patients ≥65 years at an academic hospital was performed (N = 743). Logistic regressions identified factors associated with goals of care discussions (GOC), end-of-life (EOL) coordination, and hospital readmission. Differences between older adult subgroups (i.e., 65-84 years and 85 years and older) were also examined. Discharge to home was associated with higher odds of readmission and discharge to hospice or having a GOC discussion was associated with lower odds of readmission. Those patients who were 85 years or older were significantly less likely to have cancer or to be referred for pain management, and more likely to be referred for GOC discussions and discharged to hospice. This study revealed dynamic factors associated with PC consultation for older adults. GOC discussions in initial PC consultations for older patients might reduce the odds of hospital readmission. Additionally, the needs of patients ages 85 and older appear distinct from the traditional PC cancer model.

KEYWORDS:

Cancer; End of life; Geriatric; Older-old; Palliative care; Service delivery

PMID:
29042070
DOI:
10.1016/j.gerinurse.2017.09.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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