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Nucleic Acids Res. 2018 Jan 4;46(D1):D708-D717. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkx932.

Virus taxonomy: the database of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV).

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA.
2
MRC-University of Glasgow Centre for Virus Research, Glasgow, UK.
3
School of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK.
4
Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

Abstract

The International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) is charged with the task of developing, refining, and maintaining a universal virus taxonomy. This task encompasses the classification of virus species and higher-level taxa according to the genetic and biological properties of their members; naming virus taxa; maintaining a database detailing the currently approved taxonomy; and providing the database, supporting proposals, and other virus-related information from an open-access, public web site. The ICTV web site (http://ictv.global) provides access to the current taxonomy database in online and downloadable formats, and maintains a complete history of virus taxa back to the first release in 1971. The ICTV has also published the ICTV Report on Virus Taxonomy starting in 1971. This Report provides a comprehensive description of all virus taxa covering virus structure, genome structure, biology and phylogenetics. The ninth ICTV report, published in 2012, is available as an open-access online publication from the ICTV web site. The current, 10th report (http://ictv.global/report/), is being published online, and is replacing the previous hard-copy edition with a completely open access, continuously updated publication. No other database or resource exists that provides such a comprehensive, fully annotated compendium of information on virus taxa and taxonomy.

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