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Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2017 Dec;17(12):791-798. doi: 10.1089/vbz.2017.2133. Epub 2017 Oct 17.

An Integrated Control Strategy Takes Clonorchis sinensis Under Control in an Endemic Area in South China.

Author information

1
1 Shenzhen Center for Disease Control and Prevention , Shenzhen, P.R. China .
2
2 National Institute of Parasitic Diseases , Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shanghai, P.R. China .

Abstract

Clonorchis sinensis is an important foodborne zoonosis worldwide and prevalent in China for more than 2000 years. According to the experience of controlling Schistosoma japonica, China started to establish the integrated control strategy for C. sinensis in endemic areas. Lou village, the largest village in Shenzhen city in South China was taken as a pilot site. This longitudinal study assessed the infection status of C. sinensis among people and intermediate hosts from 2006 to 2014 in Lou village. After a continuous intervention with the integrated control strategy, the prevalence of C. sinensis decreased significantly to 2.01% in 2014. The infection intensity also reduced significantly with eggs per gram varying from 45.6 ± 3.4 in 2010 to 21.7 ± 1.6 in 2012. There is also a statistically significant decrease of the prevalence of C. sinensis metacercariae in fish hosts from 16.51% in 2008 before the intervention to 5.33% in 2014. All the old-styled toilets were replaced by sanitary ones with a harmless processing design in 2014. No viable parasite eggs were detected in stool samples from the reconstructed toilets. Health education played an important role in changing the eating habits among the local residents, with a significant decrease in the prevalence of eating raw fish from 91.99% in 2008 to 59.87% in 2014. The evaluation suggested that the integrated strategy we have performed in Lou village is effective in controlling the C. sinensis infection and maintaining the infection rate at a lower level, which can be promoted in other endemic areas.

KEYWORDS:

Clonorchis sinensis; epidemiological investigation; health education; intermediate hosts

PMID:
29040056
DOI:
10.1089/vbz.2017.2133
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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