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J Am Mosq Control Assoc. 1988 Jun;4(2):138-42.

Importation of Aedes albopictus and other exotic mosquito species into the United States in used tires from Asia.

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Division of Vector-Borne Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control, Fort Collins, CO 80522.


Between May 18 and December 4, 1986, 79 seagoing containers and their contents of 22,051 used tires were inspected for adult mosquitoes as well as eggs and larvae. Of the total inspected, 5,507 tires (25%) contained significant amounts of water. No adults or eggs were found. Fifteen tires contained mosquito larvae that were identified as Ae. albopictus, Ae. togoi, Culex pipiens complex, Tripteroides bambusa and Uranotaenia bimaculata. The infestation rate for all species was 6.8 infested tires per 10,000 tires (wet and dry) inspected. Aedes albopictus larvae were most frequently collected, occurring at a rate of 20 infested wet tires per 10,000 inspected.

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