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Sci Rep. 2017 Oct 16;7(1):12895. doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-13412-1.

NK cells are negatively regulated by sCD83 in experimental autoimmune uveitis.

Author information

1
Department of microbiology, Institute of Basic medicine, Shandong Academy of medical Sciences, Jinan, 250032, China. Linw1978@163.com.
2
Department of Ophthalmology, Yuhuangding Hospital, Yantai, 264001, China.
3
Department of microbiology, Institute of Basic medicine, Shandong Academy of medical Sciences, Jinan, 250032, China.
4
Department of Immunology, Binzhou Medical University, Yantai, 264003, China.
5
Department of Immunology, Binzhou Medical University, Yantai, 264003, China. qiangfu11@fudan.edu.cn.

Abstract

Natural killer (NK) cells represent a subset of lymphocytes that contribute to innate immunity and have been reported to play a role in autoimmune uveitis. However, the mechanisms regulating NK cellular function in this condition remain unclear. Herein, we investigated the status of NK cells in experimental autoimmune uveitis (EAU). We found that the number of CD83+CD3-NK1.1+ cells was increased in the inflamed eyes and spleens of the EAU mouse model. At the recovery stage of EAU, serum concentrations of soluble CD83 (sCD83) were increased. sCD83 treatment relieved retinal tissue damage and decreased the number of infiltrating NK cells in inflamed eyes. Further analysis of the effects of sCD83 treatment in EAU revealed that it reduced: 1) the expressions of CD11b and CD83 in NK cells, 2) the percent of CD11bhighCD27lowCD3-NK1.1+ cells and 3) the secretion of granzyme B, perforin and IFN-γ in NK cells as demonstrated both in vivo and in vitro. When sCD83 treated-NK cells were transferred into EAU mice, retinal tissue damage was relieved. These results demonstrate sCD83 down-regulate NK cellular function and thus provide important, new information regarding the means for the beneficial effects of this agent in the treatment of autoimmune uveitis.

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