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Brain Res Bull. 1988 Aug;21(2):257-63.

Time course of MPTP-induced degeneration of the nigrostriatal dopamine system in C57 BL/6 mice.

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1
Department of Histology and Neurobiology, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.

Abstract

MPTP (1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine) is a parkinsonism-inducing dopamine (DA) neurotoxin most effective in primates. MPTP also causes a degeneration of both perikarya and axon terminals of the nigrostriatal DA neurons in C57 BL/6 mice. The time courses of the changes in tyrosine hydroxylase immunoreactive objects, endogenous DA concentrations and specifically bound 3H-mazindol as markers of the integrity of DA neurons were studied in substantia nigra and striatum of adult C57 BL/6 mice, after systemic treatment with MPTP or intranigral injections of the catecholamine neurotoxin 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA). A rapid decrease in the three parameters studied was found in the substantia nigra during the first 2 days after MPTP-treatment while the MPTP-induced effects in the striatum were more protracted and maximal reduction was observed 7 days after MPTP. A basically similar pattern was found when studying the 6-OHDA-induced anterograde degeneration of the nigrostriatal system. These results indicate that in C57 BL/6 mice, MPTP primarily destroys the DAergic perikarya with a subsequent anterograde degeneration of the striatal axon terminals, although a limited rapid destruction of some striatal terminals cannot be excluded.

PMID:
2903784
DOI:
10.1016/0361-9230(88)90240-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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