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Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 2018 Jan;48(1):201-219. doi: 10.1016/j.cvsm.2017.08.003. Epub 2017 Oct 14.

Acupuncture for Small Animal Neurologic Disorders.

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Neurology/Neurosurgery Department, Long Island Veterinary Specialists, 163 South Service Road, Plainview, NY 11803, USA; Fipapharm, 26 rue du marais, Mont-Saint-Aignan 76130, France.
Physical Rehabilitation and Acupuncture Service, Long Island Veterinary Specialists, 163 South Service Road, Plainview, NY 11803, USA.
Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, University of Florida, 2089 Southwest 16th Avenue, Gainesville, FL 32608, USA.
Acupuncture and Holistic Veterinary Services, 105 Lilith Lane, Summerville, SC 29485, USA; The Chi Institute of Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine, 9650 West Highway 318, Reddick, FL 32686, USA. Electronic address:


Modern research on traditional Chinese veterinary medicine (TCVM), including herbal medicine and acupuncture, has made evident the role of the nervous system as a cornerstone in many of the mechanisms of action of TCVM. Laboratory models and clinical research available are supportive for the use of TCVM in the management of neurologic conditions in small animals, specifically in cases of intervertebral disk disease, other myelopathies, and painful conditions. This article is meant to help guide the use of TCVM for neurologic disorders in small animals, based on available information and recommendations from experienced TCVM practitioners.


Acupuncture; Cervical spondylomyelopathy (CSM); Dog; Electroacupuncture (EA); Herbal; Intervertebral disk disease (IVDD); Pain; Traditional Chinese veterinary medicine (TCVM)

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