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Stem Cell Res Ther. 2017 Oct 16;8(1):231. doi: 10.1186/s13287-017-0680-5.

Effects of timing on intracoronary autologous bone marrow-derived cell transplantation in acute myocardial infarction: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University, 222 Zhongshan Road, Dalian, 116011, People's Republic of China.
2
Present address: Department of Cardiology, The Fifth People's Hospital of Dalian City, Dalian, People's Republic of China.
3
Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University, 222 Zhongshan Road, Dalian, 116011, People's Republic of China. rchuang@dmu.edu.cn.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Several cell-based therapies for adjunctive treatment of acute myocardial infarction have been investigated in multiple clinical trials, but the timing of transplantation remains controversial. We conducted a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials to investigate the effects of timing on bone marrow-derived cell (BMC) therapy in acute myocardial infarction (AMI).

METHODS:

A systematic literature search of PubMed, MEDLINE, and Cochrane Evidence-Based Medicine databases from January 2000 to June 2017 was performed on randomized controlled trials with at least a 3-month follow-up for patients with AMI undergoing emergency percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and receiving intracoronary BMC transfer thereafter. The defined end points were left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction, LV end-diastolic and end-systolic index. The data were analyzed to evaluate the effects of timing on BMC therapy.

RESULTS:

Thirty-four RCTs comprising a total of 2,307 patients were included; the results show that, compared to the control group, AMI patients who received BMC transplantation showed significantly improved cardiac function. BMC transplantation 3-7 days after PCI (+3.32%; 95% CI, 1.91 to 4.74; P < 0.00001) resulted in a significant increase of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). As for the inhibitory effect on ventricular remodeling, BMC transplantation 3-7 days after PCI reduced LV end-diastolic indexes (-4.48; 95% CI, -7.98 to -0.98; P = 0.01) and LV end-systolic indexes (-6.73; 95% CI, -11.27 to -2.19; P = 0.004). However, in the groups who received BMC transplantation either within 24 hours or later than 7 days there was no significant effect on treatment outcome. In subgroup analysis, the group with LVEF ≤ 50% underwent a significant decrease in LV end-diastolic index after BMC transplantation (WMD = -3.29, 95% CI, -4.49 to -2.09; P < 0.00001); the decrease was even more remarkable in the LV end-systolic index after BMC transplantation in the group with LVEF ≤ 50% (WMD = -5.25, 95% CI, -9.30 to -1.20; P = 0.01), as well as in patients who received a dose of 10^7-10^8 cells (WMD = -12.99, 95% CI, -19.07 to -6.91; P < 0.0001). In the group with a follow-up of more than 12 months, this beneficial effect was significant and increased to a more pronounced effect of +3.58% (95% CI, 1.55 to 5.61; P = 0.0006) when compared with control.

CONCLUSIONS:

In this meta-analysis, BMC transfer at 3 to 7 days post-AMI was superior to transfer within 24 hours or more than 7 days after AMI in improving LVEF and decreasing LV end-systolic dimensions or LV end-diastolic dimensions. It is more effective in patients with lower baseline LVEF (≤50%) and the effect can last more than 12 months.

KEYWORDS:

Acute myocardial infarction (AMI); Bone marrow-derived cells (BMCs); Cell therapy; Cells; Meta-analysis

PMID:
29037256
PMCID:
PMC5644258
DOI:
10.1186/s13287-017-0680-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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